Kapetaniana, a small settlement in the heart of the Asterousia mountains is one of the most impressive and beautiful traditional villages of Crete. The view of the Lybean sea, the imposing peak of Kofina, the small stone houses and the full of stones and rocks create a unique scenery. To this wild and inhospitable landscape far away from civilization owes its existence. For thousands of years the place was an ideal hiding place for rebels fugitives and for those who wanted to be isolated from the rest of the world.
Here came the Eteokrites, the genuine first inhabitants of Crete after the invasion of Dorian tribes.
In Christian times was founded the Vathmou monastery, which later gave its place to "Panagia Kirie Eleison" and later turned into a village.
After years of abandonment, the Captain-rebels of the village Asfendou of Sfakion found shelter here. After the revolution of Daskalogiannis τthey fled to Kapetaniana continuing their revolutionary action against the Turks.The name of the village derives from these captains.
Until recently, the access to Kapetaniana was very difficult as there was no asphalt road.