Facts about Crete
31 October 2016
The island was first referred as Kaptara. The name Crete appears in Homer's Odyssey.
It is the biggest island of Greece 8,303 km2
Total population 623.023.
Density 75 people/km2
It is considered as the oldest inhabited place of europe
50% of Crete is higher than 500m of altitude
Lasithi plateau is the biggest flat area of Crete, altitude 850 meters
Crete is 260km from east to west.
60Km is the widest part and 12km the most narrow.
There are more than 200 canyons
Samaria is one of the biggest canyons in Europe
There are more than 5000 recorded caves
Gourgouthakas on white mountains is the deepest cave in Greece and 44th worldwide. Depth 1208 meters.
Worldwide there are only 84 cave deeper than 1000 meters
Most of the rivers have water only after a heavy rain
The coastline of Crete is 1046 km
The water is so clear that you can see 40 meters in depth
In 365 AD an earthquake raised the western part of Crete 9 meters
There are 34 islands around Crete, bigger than 100 acres.
Kournas & Agias are the only natural lakes
Psiloritis the highest mountain of Crete is 2456meters
The highest point you can ride with bike is 2005meters
Mavra gremna on White Mountains
Snowfall is common on high mountains from November to May
Every 1.000 years Crete grows 1 cm higher by the dust that comes from Sahara with south winds
In south Crete swallows stay all year round
The distance of Crete from Africa, Asia or Europe is almost the same
There are approximately 1750 plants...
...160 of them grow only in Crete
Olive trees are more than 30.000.000
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The climate of Crete
12 November 2016
The olive tree